What are the Most Common Types of Truck Accidents?
Ever since motor vehicles became the primary mode of transportation and thanks to the advances in shipping and logistics over the 20th century, trucks have become a staple of American roads. They are one of the most essential vehicles to keep our country running. From primary resources like food or materials to consumer goods and services, 80% of all merchandise in the US is moved by truck.
Nevertheless, trucking is one of the most dangerous professions in the world, not only for truck drivers but for your average passenger vehicle as well. According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, 69% of all truck crashes ended up in fatalities and involved one or more tractor-trailers in the accident.
There are many causes for truck accidents, yet we can classify them into three broad categories:
- Driver Error: It is the main cause of accidents involving trucks across the country. It includes factors like fatigue, DIU, speeding, distracted driving, and pressure from the carrier company
- Vehicle Malfunction: While it is one of the most reported causes for accidents by drivers themselves, it is not the main one according to the FMCSA. And only 2% of accidents that occurred are caused by vehicular malfunction while driver error, like the truck brake not working, was found in at least 32% of reported truck accidents.
- Road and environmental conditions: Bad weather, lack of maintenance on the road, and dangerous routes are also prominent causes of truck accidents in America.
Knowing the causes for truck collisions, maybe you are wondering what are the most common types of accidents, thankfully our expert team of truck accident lawyers has done their homework for you to be informed.
Common Types of Truck Accidents
As it happens with cars and other motor vehicles, there are several types of accidents. While an accident might seem like just that to the general population, typifying truck accidents can help you prevent them as well as knowing their potential effects on other drivers.
- Jackknifing accidents: When a big rig truck folds itself so the cabin and the trailer form a 90-degree angle in an attempt to stop quickly. It is normally caused by hard and quick break maneuvers. Abruptly hitting the breaks trying to slow down a big rig makes the weight of the trailer move the cargo forward against the traction of the cabin.
- Rollover accidents: As with smaller passenger vehicles, when the driver loses control of the truck it can slide and roll over onto its side. Truck rollovers are one of the most fatal big rig accidents on the road. It is common for large vehicles to roll over because of high speeds or not taking the proper precaution when faced with a curve on the road or meeting other road hazards like black ice or potholes.
- Blowout accidents: Tire blowouts are extremely common not only in trucks but with any vehicle. When a tire blows out it can force the vehicle into wild wayward directions. Yet, when it happens in a truck it can pose great danger to nearby vehicles as well as the driver and can degenerate into a rollover or jackknifing very quickly.
- Blind Spot traps: Truck blind spots are so dangerous and significant that even truckers have coined the term “No Man’s Land” for them. Not seeing other vehicles puts everyone on the road in danger be it from the sides of the back of the vehicle. While it is common for truckers to use concave rear view mirrors to prevent catching vehicles in their blind spot, they are not enough to mitigate the risks of a blind spot collision.
- Rear End: Because of the weight and size of big rigs, rear-end collisions are the cause of catastrophic property damage and extremely serious injury, with many of them causing the wrongful death of the victims.
- Under Ride: When coming to a sudden stop, smaller vehicles driving behind the rig can become lodged in the truck’s trailer. Underride accidents are among the deadliest truck accidents reported.
- Lost Load: Failure to properly secure the trailer to the cabin poses an extreme danger to nearby vehicles both behind the truck and beyond it. Losing the trailer while on the road, especially at high speeds can cause many vehicle collisions and trap unsuspecting drivers in a fatal vehicular accident.
- Head-on: Head-on collisions are usually devastating for any vehicles involved.
- T-bone: When a trucker runs past a red light at an intersection and hits another vehicle vertically, we call that a T-bone collision. Just as with head-on collisions T-bones can be fatal for all the vehicles involved.
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